Bhutan-India Railway Link: Facilitating Trade and Tourism by Train

Bhutan-India Railway Link: Facilitating Trade and Tourism by Train
Bhutan-India Railway Link: Facilitating Trade and Tourism by Train

In a significant development, the Indian government has allocated a substantial budget of INR 120 billion for an ambitious expansion of railway infrastructure in the northeastern region of the country. This financial commitment marks a pivotal step toward the realization of a long-awaited milestone – the Bhutan-India railway link. This ambitious project promises to not only enhance regional connectivity but also strengthen the diplomatic and economic ties between India and its neighbor, Bhutan.

The Bhutan-India Railway Link: A Vision of Connectivity

For years, the idea of a railway connection between Bhutan and India has been a subject of discussion and aspiration. The prospect of a railway link holds immense promise, as it will significantly enhance connectivity and ease the movement of goods and people between the two nations.

The proposed railway line will connect Hashimara in West Bengal, India, to the border town of Phuentsholing in Bhutan. The plan includes the construction of a new rail line, bridges, tunnels, and other essential infrastructure. Once completed, this railway link will serve as a lifeline for Bhutan, facilitating the transportation of goods, fuel, and other essential commodities.

The central aspect of this initiative involves the complete funding of a 57.5-kilometer railway line that will seamlessly connect Kokrajhar in Assam, India, to Gelephu in Sarpang, Bhutan. Expected to reach completion by 2026, this endeavor holds the potential to transform regional connectivity and bolster economic prospects.

A mere month ago, India’s External Affairs Minister, S. Jaishankar, shed light on the ongoing negotiations between India and Bhutan concerning this transformative railway connection. He emphasized the manifold benefits it could bring, highlighting that discussions are currently underway for a railway link between Bhutan and Assam. He further emphasized Bhutan’s eagerness to create more avenues for tourism, noting that this endeavor is poised to greatly benefit Assam.

The proposed railway link connecting Gelephu and Kokrajhar, positioned along the Assam border, has the potential to be a game-changer by fostering both trade and tourism, he concluded.

If reports are accurate, this railway project could serve as a breakthrough in facilitating the export of goods, promoting cultural exchange, and strengthening bilateral ties between the two nations.

As previously reported, the foundation for this visionary railway network was laid during the initial visit of the Bhutanese Prime Minister to India in 2018. As construction of the Gelephu-Kokrajhar rail link gets underway, it is anticipated to act as a catalyst for additional railway initiatives in the southern and eastern regions of both nations. These endeavors are set to encompass areas such as Phuentsholing, Samtse, Nganglam, and Samdrup Jongkhar, thereby enhancing connectivity and regional integration.

Strengthening Diplomatic Relations:

Beyond the economic benefits, the Bhutan-India railway link carries considerable diplomatic significance. Bhutan, often referred to as the “Land of the Thunder Dragon,” shares deep-rooted ties with India. The two nations have enjoyed a close and friendly relationship for decades, characterized by cooperation in various fields, including trade, education, and security.

The railway link will further solidify these bonds, fostering enhanced diplomatic relations. It will serve as a testament to India’s commitment to its neighboring countries, particularly in the South Asian region, and Bhutan’s trust in India as a reliable partner.

Boosting Economic Opportunities:

The railway project’s impact extends beyond the realm of diplomacy, as it is poised to usher in a new era of economic growth for both countries. The enhanced connectivity will open up fresh trade opportunities, stimulating commerce and industry in the region.

For Bhutan, a landlocked country with challenging terrain, the railway link will provide a more efficient means of transporting its goods to the Indian market. This development is expected to boost Bhutan’s exports, including its renowned hydroelectric power, minerals, and agricultural products.

Furthermore, the project will also promote tourism by improving accessibility to Bhutan’s picturesque landscapes and cultural heritage. Tourists from India and other countries will find it easier to explore Bhutan, contributing to the country’s tourism sector.

Challenges and Environmental Considerations:

While the Bhutan-India railway link holds immense potential, it is not without its challenges. The terrain in the northeastern region of India and Bhutan is rugged, with steep hills and dense forests, making construction and engineering a formidable task.

Environmental considerations are also paramount. Both countries must ensure that the railway’s construction and operation do not adversely impact the fragile ecosystems and biodiversity of the region. Sustainable practices and mitigation measures should be an integral part of the project’s execution.


The allocation of INR 120 billion by the Indian government for the expansion of railway infrastructure in the northeastern region represents a significant stride toward realizing the Bhutan-India railway link. This project stands as a testament to the enduring friendship and cooperation between the two nations.

As this ambitious venture unfolds, it has the potential to transform the socio-economic landscape of Bhutan and India’s northeastern region. It will foster connectivity, strengthen diplomatic relations, and create new economic opportunities, benefiting the people of both countries. The Bhutan-India railway link is not just a rail connection but a bridge to a promising future of shared prosperity and growth.